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Both Brazilian doctors and international doctors believe that there is a connection between the Zika virus and microcephaly, a birth defect though actual cause relationship has not yet been proved. According to Dr. Sergio, it has been discovered that other than dengue the Ades Aegypti mosquito is responsible for the Zika and Chikungunya viruses. http://noticias.r7.com/dino/brasil/dr-sergio-cortes-ensina-como-diferenciar-os-sintomas-da-dengue-e-do-zika-virus-04012016

Zika virus arrived in Latin America on 2015, but Brazil has already reported a half a million cases, it has also spread to more than a dozen countries. The U.S centre for disease control and prevention has warned pregnant women against travelling to a country like Brazil where the virus is prevalent.

Arthur is two and half month old and was born with microcephaly. His mother Lima caught the mosquito related virus while she was pregnant. Initially, her doctor told her there was nothing to worry about, however through her prenatal checkup, it was discovered that the fetus had major problems. As a result, Author was born with a small head that looks as if it had been pressed by a vice at the top. This is typical of microcephaly that causes brain damage and affects mental and physical development aspects. Most children with this condition have a life expectancy of 10 years though some have lived up to 30s.

Lima feels that affected families and children have been abandoned by the state, and that spread of Zika has been contributed by authorities negligent in eradication efforts. She also points out doctors don’t understand the situation too. To control the situation Brazil has increased funding for research of Zika vaccine also using drones to track mosquito breeding site in addition to providing manpower to eradicate the virus carrier mosquito.

To understand the disease, Dr. Sergio Cortes has addressed important issues, which are often subjected to doubts by many people. They include streaming, symptom and diagnosis, treatment, recommendations for pregnant women, the actual situation in Brazil, and how to prevent the virus spread. To get important updates concerning the disease you can follow Dr. Sergio Cortes on Twitter and LinkedIn on https://twitter.com/dr_sergiocortes and https://br.linkedin.com/in/sergio-cortes-866b8b92 respectively

The virus is not contagious, thus, cannot be transmitted from one person to another. However, Dr. Sergio Cortes, highlight that when a mosquito which is not infected by Zika bite infected person the mosquito can be contaminated hence begin to transmit the virus. This can result in a chain reaction that’s hard to control.

According to Dr. Sergio Cortes, Zika virus infection varies from person to person, but the most common are usually muscle aches, fever, and rash. The symptoms are usually not aggressive and last from 3 to 7 days before they disappear without medication. It is advised that it is best to see a doctor even if symptoms of suspected Zika virus are not intense or strong.

There is no specific treatment for curing Zika virus infection, thus, treatment is symptomatic, aiming at relieving the symptom presented. Infected people can use painkillers, and anti-inflammatory drugs under doctor prescription. Besides, Dr. Sergio points out on noticias that medicine for chikungunya fever and dengue fever contain acetylsalicylic acid, commonly known as aspirin. They should be avoided due to anticoagulant effects to patients.

With the confirmation on NPR.org of the relationship between Zika virus and microcephaly, it can be considered that Brazil is experiencing an epidemic of Zika virus. However, Dr. Sergio confirms that the Ministry of Health and WHO are currently working to find out more about the disease.

The main and the most valid method of preventing the Zika, dengue and chikungunya virus transmission is to avoid standing water even in small objects since they form the breeding ground for mosquitoes, recalls Dr. Sergio Cortes. Also, installing mosquito nets and using protective screens on windows are few more effective measures that can reduce Zika infection.